Princess Ekaterina Ipsilanti

“A watercolor made by W. Wats after an engraving by Luigi Mayer shows this castle in 1793. It was a new, solid, imposing building with an enormous church, which was dedicated to St. Catherine by the name of Princess Ipsilanti, Ecaterina , and from which there is a tower. It was above the monastery, which, like any great monastery with a princely founder, had a royal apartment called the “Royal Houses”. It is the only picture of this castle that fell the fire prey during Caragea and for this reason it was called the “Cursa Arsa”.














Epitome, by Ioannes Xiphilinus


: The Byzantine monk Joannes Xiphilinus, second half of the eleventh century, epitomized the ‘Roman History’ of the Greek historian Dio Cassius, 150-235 A.D. Of Dio Cassius’ work, comprising 80 books, only the books 36 to 60 survive completely, covering the period from 68 B.C. to 47 A.D. Of the epitome of Xiphilinus we have only the books 36 to 80, i.e. from Caesar to Cassius’ own consulate in 229, so Xiphilinus’ summaries provide valuable material from the lost books of Dio Cassius, books 61 to 80, preserving the chief incidents of the period for which the authority of Dio Cassius wants. Dio Cassius and the epitome of Xiphilinus have been translated into Latin by the cardinal d’Armagnac and was published by Robert Estienne I in Paris in 1551, and by Henry Estienne II in Paris in 1592. Three French translations of Xiphilinus appeared during the 17th century, one in 1610, the second in 1674. The third one was published in 1678, repeated in 1686, and made by the historian Louis Cousin. Ever since the early editions the epitome of Xiphilinus forms part of all Dio Cassius editions, as it still does in the Loeb edition. There are however lacunae in Xiphilinus’ epitome concerning e.g. the reign of Antoninus Pius and the first ten years of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, from 138 to 170. These gaps are filled with the work of the 12th century Byzantine chronicler Johannes Zonaras, whose ‘Epitome Historiarum’, a much praised world history in 18 books, covers the period 223-521 A.D. Zonaras follows for his history among others the lost books of Cassius Dio. Louis Cousin added also his translation of the six books ‘Historia Nova’ of the Byzantine historian and politician Zosimus, ca. 500. This history covers the period from 238 to 409 A.D. Zosimus’ account of the rise and fall of the Roman empire is praised for its style, reliability, and historic judgement.”–ZONARAS–&-ZOSIMUS–detail

LECHEVALIER, Jean Baptiste and Alexandros Ypsilantis

“The French archaeologist, astronomer and traveller Jean-Baptiste Lechevalier (1752-1836) taught in several Parisian colleges between 1772 and 1778, before his appointment as secretary to the French ambassador in Constantinople. In this post he travelled in Italy and Asia Minor, and published archaeological studies relating to those regions. In 1806 Lechevalier became librarian in the Sainte-Geneviève Library.

After his archaeological investigations in the Troad, in the years of 1785-1787, aimed at discovering Troy, Lechevalier remained in Constantinople as secretary to the French embassy under Choiseul-Gouffier. In 1787 he departed on another journey, to the regions of Moldavia and Wallachia, where he was to meet Alexandros Hypsilantis. During his stay in the area, he toured the Black Sea coast.

In this work, Lechevalier describes the regions of the Hellespont, Bithynia and Propontis. In addition, he gives detailed topographical data on the Bosporus and describes the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman monuments of Constantinople. He also makes geographical observations on the Black Sea (anc. Euxine Pontus), based on data collected by engineers Lafitte and Monnier. All these descriptions are accompanied by the first detailed maps ever drawn of these regions.”